The volatiles liberated from production of biochar can be combusted for the process' thermal energy or condensed to produce a renewable, low-acid, pyrolytic oil. The pyrolytic oil can be further refined to produce renewable transportation fuels and chemical feedstocks. Alternatively, the pyrolytic oil can be thermally decomposed to produce renewable Carbon Black. ECPI's patented two-stage carbonization process can also produce engineered Biocarbon Minerals (BCM) from a variety of biomass residues to be used as a soil amenity.
Biochar for Carbon Feed
According to the US EPA, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) is an animal feeding operation that confines animals for more than 45 days, in an area that does not produce vegetation and meet certain size thresholds. As a result, CAFO's are plagued with health related problems for the animals. This in turn dictates the use of expensive antibiotics to prevent an epidemic within the CAFO.
Biochar can be engineered to be used as a supplement in livestock feed which can reduce the need for expensive antibiotics and medicines for livestock in CAFO environments. Biochar based carbon feed can help to regulate livestock digestive systems by enhancing nutrient absorption and sequestration of pathogens.